The Voluntary Voice: A Book of Individuals (Volume One: 2013)

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Natanson, ed. Lucinda Vandervort trans. Lucinda Vandervort Brettler, E.

Feminist Perspective on Police Powers. Awarded: Awarded contingent on availability of funds: Changing Persons? Contraceptives and the Law. Prepared on contract for Health and Welfare Canada, pp. A selection of L. Dissertations and theses Lucinda Vandervort, sub. University of California Press. Jovis Verlag GmbH. Edward Elgar. Second Edition. Simon eds Cities, Nature and Development.

The Politics and Production of Urban Vulnerabilities. Ashgate Publishing Group. Hanover, NH. University Press of New England. Washington DC. Island Press. Cambridge University Press. The Policy Press. MIT Press. Ashgate Press. New York. Juventa Verlag.

Kluwer Academic Publishers. Bedford Way Papers. Institute of Education, University of London.


Leicester University Press. Eastbourne, UK. Wolverhampton Polytechnic, UK. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Stark and Taylor incorporates the concept of relative rather than absolute deprivation as a motivator of international migration. Piore sees migrants as target earners, filling dirty, dangerous, and difficult jobs in the segmented labor markets in industrial societies, planning on returning home once income goals are met.

On the other hand, Castles and Kosack points to the international capitalist system and capital penetration of poor countries in search of cheap and disposable labor to explain the phenomenon of international migration. Kritz, et al. Massey, et al. Massey also proposes the notion of cumulative causation, which suggests that migration itself induces social and economic changes that make migration more likely in the future.

Mayda presents evidence that all of these theories help explain different aspects of international migration flows. Borjas, G. Neoclassical migration theory posits that individuals move across international boundaries in response to the supply and demand for labor, in order to obtain the highest return; this theory was developed to explain rural to urban migration. Borjas applies these concepts to international migration. Castles, S. These authors take a historical-structuralist approach and explain migration as a function of the capitalist system and the inequality in power that results.

International migration serves to provide capitalists with cheap and disposable labor. Kritz, M. Lim, and Hania Zlotnik, eds. These scholars adapt the framework of the geographer, Mabogunje, to international migration. The idea is that one form of exchange, such as trade, can engender other forms of exchange, such as international migration. Massey, D. Massey presents the case for the cumulative causation of migration: that is, that migration induces changes in social and economic structures that increase the probability of future migration.

Durand, and H. Berkeley: University of California Press, Mayda, A. Much of the work on migration processes involves detailed work on households and specific cases of migration. This paper widens the investigation by exploring the determinants of migration flows into fourteen OECD countries by country of origin between and Passaris, C. Piore, Michael J. Building on the New Economics of Labor Migration, Piore posits segmented labor markets as a cause of international migration. Migrant workers have target income goals to help meet needs in their home society and intend temporary stays.

They fill dirty, difficult, and dangerous jobs in the host society because their status depends on their status at home rather than in the host country.

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Ravenstein, Ernest George. Stark, Oded. Rome: Food and Agricultural Organization, Migrants may move even without wage differentials in order to provide an alternative source of income. Stark, Oded, and J. Extends the literature on the process of migration by pointing out that absolute gains may not be the only or most important motivating factor for migration.

Rather, relative deprivation may motivate international migration.

Theories of Inner Speech

Since the advent of the state system, the control of borders has been a central element of national sovereignty. These policies have changed over time and distinctive flows have been recognized and incorporated into national laws. This section begins with the generic theories of immigration control, which could apply to any specific flow. The final section presents research on undocumented entry and the actors that facilitate illegal flows across international boundaries.

The literature on immigration control has focused on the determinants of immigration control policy at the national level. This research has a long history in the United States, with one of the earliest examples presented by Higham The interest in immigration control policy blossomed in Europe at the end of the period of economic growth following the Second World War that had drawn in guest workers and permanent migrants from European peripheries and colonial empires.

Why, this literature asks, are some states more open to immigration than other states? And why have policy preferences changed over time? Much of the literature focuses on domestic political actors, employers, workers, taxpayers, and immigrants themselves, placed within the context of domestic political institutions. Freeman provides the classical political economy explanation of immigration policy based on concentrated benefits and diffuse costs. Doomernick and Jandl presents an empirical overview of the national control policies that allows scholars to evaluate some of the hypotheses described above.

Rediscovering Voluntary Action - The Beat of a Different Drum | C. Rochester | Palgrave Macmillan

Goodman describes yet another method of immigration control, running through nationality policy. This initial literature developed hypotheses about the determinants of policy choice at the national level, predominantly in wealthy Western democracies. In subsequent sections, we follow the literature from a focus on national level politics to a more disaggregated approach that explores the various dimensions of enforcement border, interior, and exterior and the location of enforcement national and sub-national; public and private.

Doomernick, Jeroen, and Michael Jandl, eds. Modes of Migration Regulation and Control in Europe.