DELTA OF VENUS- REVISITED
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Introduction The pancreatic islets provide a centre where signals indicating the nutritional status of the body, including factors such as enteroendocrine hormones, nutrients, metabolites and neuronal signals, can converge and initiate changes in pancreatic hormone secretion to regulate blood glucose levels. Open in a separate window.
Ghrelin inhibited insulin and glucagon secretion in an SST-dependent manner To establish a physiological role for delta cell specific activation by GHSR binding, we examined the effects of ghrelin on insulin, glucagon and SST secretion in a perfused mouse pancreas model. Discussion In this study, we identified the transcriptome of pancreatic delta cells and performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis with beta and alpha cells.
Electronic supplementary material Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material. Acknowledgements We would like to thank the flow cytometry group at the Cambridge Institute for Medical Research for their expertise.
Duality of interest statement The authors declare that there is no duality of interest associated with this manuscript. Access to research materials All transgenic animal models used can be requested from the corresponding authors subject to material transfer agreement negotiation. Contribution statement AEA designed and performed experiments, prepared figures and wrote the manuscript. Footnotes Alice E. Contributor Information Frank Reimann, Email: ku. References 1. Lin HV, Accili D.
Hormonal regulation of hepatic glucose production in health and disease. Cell Metab. Glucagonocentric restructuring of diabetes: a pathophysiologic and therapeutic makeover. J Clin Invest. Caicedo A.
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Paracrine and autocrine interactions in the human islet: more than meets the eye. Semin Cell Dev Biol. Sensitivity of rat pancreatic A and B cells to somatostatin. Somatostatin secreted by islet delta-cells fulfills multiple roles as a paracrine regulator of islet function. Urocortin3 mediates somatostatin-dependent negative feedback control of insulin secretion.
Nat Med. An atlas and functional analysis of G-protein coupled receptors in human islets of Langerhans. Pharmacol Ther. The distribution and mechanism of action of ghrelin in the CNS demonstrates a novel hypothalamic circuit regulating energy homeostasis. Ghrelin is a growth-hormone-releasing acylated peptide from stomach. Stomach is a major source of circulating ghrelin, and feeding state determines plasma ghrelin-like immunoreactivity levels in humans. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. Blockade of pancreatic islet-derived ghrelin enhances insulin secretion to prevent high-fat diet-induced glucose intolerance.
The islet ghrelin cell. J Mol Endocrinol.
Ghrelin induces adiposity in rodents. Heppner KM, Tong J. Mechanisms in endocrinology: regulation of glucose metabolism by the ghrelin system: multiple players and multiple actions. Eur J Endocrinol. Ghrelin activates neuronal constitutive nitric oxide synthase in pancreatic islet cells while inhibiting insulin release and stimulating glucagon release. Regul Pept. Effects of ghrelin on insulin and glucagon secretion: a study of isolated pancreatic islets and intact mice. Dose-dependent inhibition by ghrelin of insulin secretion in the mouse.
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Ghrelin suppresses glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and deteriorates glucose tolerance in healthy humans. Ghrelin, a natural GH secretagogue produced by the stomach, induces hyperglycemia and reduces insulin secretion in humans. Glucose and weight control in mice with a designed ghrelin O -acyltransferase inhibitor. Modification of ghrelin receptor signaling by somatostatin receptor-5 regulates insulin release. High constitutive signaling of the ghrelin receptor—identification of a potent inverse agonist. Mol Endocrinol.
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Mol Metab. Glucose sensing in L cells: a primary cell study. J Neurosci.
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A transcriptome-led exploration of molecular mechanisms regulating somatostatin-producing D-cells in the gastric epithelium. Eur J Immunol. Br J Pharmacol. Proglucagon products in plasma of noninsulin-dependent diabetics and nondiabetic controls in the fasting state and after oral glucose and intravenous arginine. Role of glucagon in maintenance of euglycemia in fed and fasted rats. Am J Physiol. Somatostatin 1—28 circulates in human plasma.
Mice lacking ghrelin receptors resist the development of diet-induced obesity. Improved insulin sensitivity and metabolic flexibility in ghrelin receptor knockout mice. Characterization of the insulin sensitivity of ghrelin receptor KO mice using glycemic clamps. BMC Physiol. Katada T, Ui M. Islet-activating protein.
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Enhanced insulin secretion and cyclic AMP accumulation in pancreatic islets due to activation of native calcium ionophores. J Biol Chem. Somatostatin receptor 5 and cannabinoid receptor 1 activation inhibit secretion of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide from intestinal K cells in rodents. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary using German : Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Exact name of German article]]; see its history for attribution.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. Ousby, ed. Hidden categories: Articles to be expanded from October All articles to be expanded Articles needing translation from German Wikipedia.
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